spinal fracture occurs when one of the bones in the spinal column
breaks. This type of fracture is also known as a vertebral
compression fracture because the bone that breaks (the vertebral
body) often cracks and collapses, becoming compressed.
bones in your spinal column are different than the bones elsewhere
in your skeleton. For example, the long bones in your legs are
more rigid and dense than the square bones in your spine.
dense bone enables your legs to withstand rigorous movement.
The vertebral bodies, however, are less dense and more “spongy,” to
accommodate movements like bending and twisting. Because your
vertebral bodies aren’t as strong as the bones in your
legs, they can become more vulnerable to fracture.
diseases, such as osteoporosis or cancer, are known to cause
loss of bone mass and changes in bone structure, making them
brittle and weak. Genetic factors and certain lifestyles, such
as a low calcium diet, can also damage bone. Over time, the vertebral
bodies can become so weak that normal activities such as bending
over or lifting a bag of groceries, can cause a spinal fracture.
can’t feel the changes in your bones while they
are happening. In fact, many people are unaware that there is
anything wrong until a fracture occurs.